December 6, 2021: Adam Sheppard speaking as a panelist at the Chicago Bar Association’s seminar on Social Media Evidence. See the Event Description and Registration Link: The relative ubiquity of social media use makes it an important evidentiary tool. This presentation will discuss the value of social media evidence in various types of litigation, the discoverability of social media evidence in federal and Illinois state courts, the admissibility of social media evidence in federal and Illinois state courts, and miscellaneous strategic and ethical concerns that practitioners should keep in mind when using social media evidence. Practitioners in the areas of domestic relations/probate, criminal law and civil defense litigation will share various examples. Click on to Register: Chicago Bar Association Learning: Practice Basics: How to Use Social Media Evidence (12/06/2021)
November 19, 2021: Adam Sheppard is honored to speak at Illinois Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (IACDL) seminar on notable violent crime cases, entitled “Ripped from the Headlines). IACDL has asked Mr. Sheppard to speak on the firm’s case of Wyndham Lathem, the renowned Northwestern Professor charged with homicide. https://www.iacdl.net/?pg=IACDlEvents&evAction=showDetail&eid=230424&fbclid=IwAR2xGCK9n6nE011Tb6iFyxx8sDM9U6PtAuOK6qSxy546wLjOv91bXonCK_4
June 24, 2021: Injustice Watch interviews Adam Sheppard regarding suspension of the speedy trial clock based on Covid-19 and cites Adam Sheppard’s article on the issue. See https://www.injusticewatch.org/news/courts/2021/speedy-trial-illinois-supreme-court/
May 5, 2021: Adam Sheppard comments on NBC on Legality of Vigilante Groups running Online Sting Operations re: Solicitation of a Minor (click on link below):
February, 2021: Super Lawyers magazine names Adam Sheppard as “Super Lawyer” in the area of White Collar criminal defense, an honor bestowed on less than 5% of lawyers in the state. Adam Sheppard has repeatedly received this distinction.
July 28, 2020: CBA Record Magazine Publishes Adam Sheppard’s Article on “The Pandemic’s Effect on Criminal Law.” Mr. Sheppard, a CBA Editorial Board member, writes on developments on compassionate release jurisprudence, the First Step Act, bond motions, and technology in the courts, which the pandemic has affected. See “The Pandemic’s Effect on Criminal Law”
June 30, 2020: See Westlaw Opinion on Sheppard Law Firm’s victory on Compassionate Release Motion Granted in U.S. District Court, Northern District of Illinois, Based on the Risk of COVID-19 in the Bureau of Prisions. See Compassionate Release Opinion & Order – Westlaw. Sheppard Law Firm argued that the client’s underlying medical conditions and the risk of COVID-19 in the Bureau of Prisons created an extradordinary and compelling reason for release. The Court granted the motion.
April 22, 2020: Court TV requested Adam Sheppard to explain the Felony Murder Rule in Illinois. Photo of Court TV Commentary
February, 2020: Leading Lawyer names Adam Sheppard – for consecutive years – in the areas of While Collar Criminal Defense and Criminal Defense, an “Emerging Lawyer,” a recognition bestowed to 2% of those lawyers in the state who are 40 or younger.
APRIL 1, 2020: The Tablets (Decalogue Society’s magazine) publishes Adam Sheppard’s artilce on the recent Appellate Decision which changed the way Bail Hearings must Proceed – the case was People v. Gil (Sheppard Law Firm was also the attorney which won the appeal). Published Article re: Bail Reform Victory for the Defense-People v. Gil
JANUARY, 2020: “Super Lawyer” Magazine names Adam Sheppard “Super Lawyer” in the area of White Collar Crime, a distinction which he has repeatedly received.
JANUARY 28, 2020: Adam Sheppard chairs a panel on the issue of bail at the Chicago Bar Assocation event on “Curbing Gun Violence,” at which several distinguished speakers, including interim Chicago Police Superintendent Charlie Beck, spoke. Mr. Shepard’s panel, which included the Honorable John Lyke Jr., Assistant State’s Attorney Aileen Bhandari, and Hays Golden (Crime Lab, New York) is depcited in this link. Adam Sheppard Chairs Panel on “Bail or Jail”. A pamplet regarding the event and a link to a Chicago Sun Times article regarding the event: Curbing Gun Violence Pamphlet; https://chicago.suntimes.com/city-hall/2020/1/29/21113967/charlie-beck-keys-reducing-gun-violence-healthy-communities-trust
JANUARY 28, 2020: IN THE CASE DESCRIBED IN THE FOLLOWING CNN ARTICLE — AN INTERNATIONAL ART FRAUD CASE WITH AN ALLEGED $5 MILLION LOSS —SHEPPARD’S CLIENT RECEIVED A SENTENCE OF TIME CONSIDERED SERVED (11 MONTHS) WHERE THE FEDERAL SENTENCING GUIDLINES CALLED FOR A SENTENCE OF 41-51 MONTHS: CNN Article on Alleged $5 Million Art Fraud Case
DECEMBER 20, 2019: CHICAGO DAILY LAW BULLETIN ARTICLE REGARDING SHEPPARD LAW FIRM’S APPELLATE VICTORY IN THE FIRST DISTRICT ILLINOIS APPELLATE COURT WHICH CHANGES THE WAY BOND HEARINGS MUST PROCEED: Chicago Daily Law Bulletin Article on Appellate Victory on Bail Issue
August, 2019: Adam Sheppard named as “Super Lawyer” in the areas of White Collar Crime and Criminal Defense:
August 1, 2019: In the well-publicized case of an Amazon driver charged with Reckless Homicide, Adam Sheppard obtained an acquittal of all charges. Links to news stories about the case follow:
July, 2019: Chicago Bar Association publishes Adam Sheppard’s article on Reducing Implicit Bias in the Courtroom. Mr. Sheppard was honored to lecture at a seminar on reducing implicit bias along with a distinguished panel of judges and the leading law professor in this area:
5/16/19: ADAM SHEPPARD SERVES AS PANELIST WITH APPELLATE COURT JUSTICE HYMAN, CIRCUIT COURT JUDGE RIVERS, AND PROFESSOR SARAH REDFIELD IN A CBA SIGNATURE SERIES EVENT: MR. SHEPPARD LECTURED ON IMPLICIT BIAS JURY INSTRUCTIONS
More than 200 CBA members took part in a thought-provoking program exploring implicit bias and examining strategies for interrupting implicit bias in the decision-making process for lawyers and judges.
Moderated by University of New Hampshire Law Professor Sara Redfield, the program featured interactive exercises and thoughtful commentary from panelists who work across the legal spectrum.
January, 2019: Super Lawyer magazine names Adam Sheppard as one of only 14 lawyers in Illinois to the White Collar Crime “Rising Star” List. SuperLawyerWhiteCollarCrimeRisingStarList
1/14/19: Vice News Interviews Adam Sheppard Re: R. Kelly Case – Mr. Sheppard worked on the defense team that previously represented R. Kelly when he won his acquittal in the 2002 Child Pornography case: Vice News Interviews Adam Sheppard re: R. Kelly Case
January, 2019: Adam Sheppard’s review of the CBA Bar Show as published in the CBA Record. Mr. Sheppard serves on the CBA Board of Managers and the CBA Record Editorial Board.BarShowReview2019
October 11, 2018: Adam Sheppard named Legislative Liason for the Chicago Bar Association Trial Practice Committee. The Chicago Bar Association drafts or sponsors bills that are introduced in the Illinois House or Senate. Adam Sheppardwill be the legilsative liason for bills that the CBA’s Trial Practice Committee support. Below is an excerpt from the email notifying Mr. Sheppard of his appointment:
Congratulations on being appointed as the 2018-2019 Legislative Liaison for the Trial Practice Committee.”
September 17, 2018: Adam Sheppard interviewed in the Jason Van Dyke trial on Fox 32 Chicago
August, 2018: CBA Record Magazine highlights the Chicago Bar Association Board of Managers, to which Adam Sheppard was elected, and new CBA President, Steven Elrod. Adam Sheppard was honored to be asked to the “personal glimpse” piece about our new president). See the links below:
6/21/18: Adam Sheppard sworn in to Chicago Bar Association Board of Managers. Mr. Sheppard was honored to be selected to one of eight spots on the Chicago Board Association Board of Managers which is comprised of judges and others leaders in the profession. On June 21, 2018, Illinios Supreme Court Justice Burke officially administered the oath to Mr. Sheppard and the other board of manager electees.
6/20/18: CBA Record features Adam Sheppard’s Article on Judge Mulroy’s project and paper regarding “Future Challenges Facing the Local Legal Community:” Future of the Profession Article
May 17, 2018: Adam Sheppard honored to be selected to the Board of Directors for the Center for Conflict Resolution, joining a group of distinguished lawyers and former judge(s). CCR’s mission is to offer mediation services and conflict management training to Chicago area institutions, organizations and businesses: CCR Board of Directors List
December 5, 2017: United States v. (Governor) Rod Blagojevich (U.S. Supreme Court). Adam Sheppard Co-Authors Amicus Brief to U.S. Supreme Court on behalf of the Illinois Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers which is requesting the Court to grant certiorari (hear the case) of United States v. Blagojevich. The IACDL is requesting the Court to consider whether the standard for proving a Hobbs Act violation in a campaign finance case requires an explicit quid pro quo (as the Supreme Court held in McCormick v. United States) or whether a “wink and a nudge” (implicit) standard (developed out of the Court’s decision in Evans v. United States) will suffice. The brief also requests the Supreme Court to review the manner in which a district court must address a defendant’s sentencing arguments about unwarranted sentencing disparities. A link to the cover page of the brief and the table of contents which summarizes the arguments Supreme Court Amicus Brief Cover Page – Gov. Blagojevich
2/8/18: The following news article describes the federal court of appeals ruling (7th Circuit) in favor of Sheppards’ client (an airline pilot who was sued based on allegations that he battered his co-pilot). The district court (Northern District of Illinois) dismissed the case against Sheppards’ client based on a lack of diversity of jurisdiction and the appeals court affirmed the dismissal. Adam Sheppard presented oral arguments before the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals on the issue of diversity jurisdiction. See Law360 Article Re: Court of Appeals Decision
12/5/17: NBC News quotes language from Amicus Brief to U.S. Supreme Court on behalf of Governor Blagojevich which Adam Sheppard co-authored on behalf of the Illinois Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. NBC RE: Blagojevich Amicus Briefs
10/17/17: Adam Sheppard, co-vice-chair of the Litigation Committee for the Chicago Bar Association, will lecture at the Chicago Bar Association, on Non-Force Sex Offenses, “From the Schoolhouse (Title IX) to the Courthouse.” The lecture will focus on allegations that an alleged victim was unable to render knowing consent and the interplay between Title IX and criminal cases. See the Agenda for this Lecture: Non-Force Sex Offense: from the Schoolhouse to the Courthouse
10/9/17: Adam Sheppard Lectures on Drug Recognition Experts (“DREs”) at the Seminar for Scientific Evidence in Criminal Cases (hosted by Illinois Institute for Continuing Legal Education). See Agenda for Further Information: Scientific Evidence in Criminal Cases – DREs
Doctor Wyndham Lathem, who has had a distinguished teaching career and a history of volunteering, continues in that spirit while awaiting trial. See a recent Chicago Sun-Times article regarding the manner in which Doctor Lathem has embraced teaching and spirituality while awaiting trial:Professor Embraces Teaching & Spirituality.
Side note: The “Sneedlings” at the end of the above article congratulate Adam Sheppard and his wife on the birth of their first child, Cole Asher Sheppard . . . 4th generation criminal lawyer?
September, 2017: Decalogue Society of Lawyers publishes Adam Sheppard’s Article on Bail Reform in Cook County. Link to the article:Cook County Bail Reform
July 6, 2017: “Probation for Mom Who Dropped Infant to Death from 8th-Floor Window,” Chicago Sun Times.
Sheppard Law Firm’s client, a 19 year-old, was charged with first degree murder based on a charge that she dropped her newborn to death from an 8th-floor window. (See news articles below). Following the submission of an extensive mitigation binder to the State’s Attorney’s Office, the charges were amended to involuntary manslaughter for which she was sentenced to probation with credit for time spent on an electronic monitor to avoid jail time. Below, please find news articles describing the case. NOTE: the news articles below inaccurately reference days of jail served when, in fact, the defendant’s time on electronic monitoring satisfied jail time.
- Chicago Sun Times:http://chicago.suntimes.com/news/probation-for-woman-who-dropped-infant-to-death-from-8th-floor-window/
- Abc News: http://abc7chicago.com/news/mother-gets-probation-in-death-of-newborn-thrown-from-8th-floor/2205561/
- Chicago Tribune: http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/ct-woman-dropped-baby-gets-probation-20170710-story.html
- CBS: http://chicago.cbslocal.com/2017/07/11/probation-for-woman-who-dropped-infant-to-death-from-8th-floor-window/
MARCH, 2017: CBA RECORD PUBLISHES ADAM SHEPPARD’S ARTICLE REGARDING “MANN ACT” PROSECUTIONS:
APRIL 9, 2017: Adam Sheppard to Lecture to Northwestern University Fraternity on Students’ Rights in School Disciplinary Proceeding as part of Anti-Semitism on Campus Project. See Attached Flyer: Adam Sheppard to Lecture at NU Fraternity re: Students’ Rights
June 1, 2016: ADAM SHEPPARD LECTURES AT CRIMINAL LAW DECALOGUE CLE ON MANDATORY MINIMUMS – FEDERAL AND STATE COURT – WAYS TO ATTACK THEM. Adam Sheppard’s PowerPoint on mandatory minimums may be found below.
Mandatory Minimums – PowerPoint by Adam Sheppard
SEPTEMBER 10 – OCTOBER 1, 2015: ADAM SHEPPARD WAS HONORED TO BE SELECTED AS AN INSTRUCTOR AT THE CHICAGO BAR ASSOCIATION’S TRIAL TECHNIQUES SEMINAR WITH SITTING JUDGES AND OTHER ACCOMPLISHED TRIAL LAWYERS
SEPTEMBER 9, 2015: ADAM SHEPPARD LECTURES TO GROUP OF DISTINGUISHED LAWYERS AND OTHER ADVOCATES ON STUDENTS’ RIGHTS IN UNIVERSITY DISCIPLINARY PROCEEDINGS. SEE A CLIP OF THE PRESENTATION IN THE FOLLOWING VIDEO: Adam Sheppard Lecturing on Students’ Rights in Disciplinary Proceedings
SEPTEMBER, 2015: DECALOGUE TABLETS PUBLISHED WITH ADAM SHEPPARD’S ARTICLE REGARDING CELL SITE LOCATION INFORMATION SEARCHES AND PHOTO OF ADAM SWORN IN AS A BOARD OF MANAGERS MEMBER. Below is a link to Adam’s article on cell site searches and the photo of the 2015-2016 Board of Managers:
JULY 9, 2015: ADAM SHEPPARD NAMED AS “EMERGING LAWYER” in the are of Criminal Law-Felonies/misdemeanors and DUIs BY LEADING LAWYER MAGAZINE, A CHICAGO DAILY LAW BULLETIN PUBLICATION. ” Emerging Lawyers are made up of the TOP TWO PERCENT of lawyers who are 40 years old or younger OR practicing law 10 years or less and have proven themselves professional, ethical and experienced at an early point in their legal career. You are welcome to set about spreading the word of your achievement.” See Leadinglawyers.com regarding the selection process: http://leadinglawyers.com/meth.cfm
June 29, 2015: Adam Sheppard Is Installed On The Board Of Managers Of The Decalogue Society Of Lawyers. Click On The Link To See A Photo Of Chief Judge Evans Swearing In The Incoming Members Of The Board Of Managers. Decalogue Installation
June 10, 2015: Chicago Tribune re: Sheppard’s defense of Scientist Charged with Dissemination and Possession of Child Pornography. Title of the Article: “Buffalo Grove Man get Probation for child porn guilty plea.” See: http://www.chicagotribune.com/suburbs/lake-county-news-sun/crime/ct-lns-jones-porn-plea-st-0611-20150610-story.html. The charges of Dissemination of Child Pornography, class x charges, which carried a mandatory sentencing range of 6-30 years in prison, were dismissed and Sheppard’s client was granted probation on the remaining charges of possession of child pornography after Sheppard Law Firm submitted a mitigation binder on the client’s behalf.
Buzzfeed Interviews Adam Sheppard As A “Legal Expert” On The Dante Servin/rekia Boyd Fatal Police Shooting:” http://www.buzzfeed.com/maryanngeorgantopoulos/chicago-states-attorney-takes-heat-after-officers-acquittal#.whX1aRYQXp (May 8, 2015)
Fox TV News Seeks Adam Sheppard’s Opinion On The Rekia Boyd/dante Servin – Police Shooting – Ruling. See link: http://www.myfoxchicago.com/story/28875583/family-of-rekia-boyd-demands-justice-after-servin-verdict
50% REDUCTION FROM ADVISORY SENTENCING RANGE BASED ON MENTAL HEALTH OF DEFENDANT IN WELL-PUBLICIZED CASE OF UNITED STATES V. A.N. (U.S. DISTRICT COURT, Northern District of Illinois). In United States v. A.N., on April 9, 2015, in United States District Court, Sheppard Law Firm obtained a 50% reduction from the federal sentencing guideline range in a bank robbery case, described in news articles below, where the defendant was charged with wielding a hammer to effectuate the bank robbery. Sheppard Law Firm engaged a forensic psychiatrist who opined that the defendant was suffering from a substantial diminished capacity at the time of the offense. The government’s expert concurred in the diagnosis of “schizoaffective” disorder but the government requested a much more stringent sentence. The judge granted Sheppard’s request for the more substantial variance from the guideline range. The judge also concurred with Sheppard’s position that the defendant’s criminal history category overstates the seriousness of his criminal history. See the below CBS and Tribune articles and FBI press release describing the case:
Adam Sheppard’s published article regarding the Supreme Court decision in Riley v. California regarding warrantless searches of cell phones incident to arrest. (Published in the Decalogue Magazine, February 2015). Link to the article: Supreme Court Holds Police Need Warrant to Search Cell Phones, Decalogue Tablets, 2015
Adam Sheppard Honored To Be Selected By The National Business Institute To Speak At National Teleconference On Digital Searches And Seizures. The Seminar Will Occur On March 31, 2015 At 1 P.m. Please See The Link Below About The Seminar And The Description Of The Speaker (adam Sheppard). Topics Will Include:
- Technology vs. the Fourth Amendment: The Latest Developments
- Overview of Warrant Requirements as Applied to Digital Devices
- Search and Seizure of Digital Evidence Without a Warrant
- Techniques for Preserving Digital Evidence While Seeking Warrant (Legal and Technical)
- Legal Limitations on the Use of Search Warrants for Digital Evidence
January 30, 2015: See Front Page of Chicago Tribune: http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/ct-stash-houses-charges-dropped-met-20150129-story.html#page=1
Adam Sheppard is one of the attorneys who filed a motion on behalf of his client regarding discovery of data on the issue of racial-profiling in the phony stash house cases described in this article. See Chicago Tribune Article (link above).
Adam Sheppard defending one of the lead defendants in the significant case discussed in the FBI Press Release below:
Adam Sheppard Named To Super Lawyers Rising Star List For Fifth Consecutive Year (2015): Only 2.5% of the lawyers in the state of Illinois receive such a selection. See link below. http://www.superlawyers.com/illinois/lawyer/Adam-J-Sheppard/fad6e910-e2d2-4c8d-8a8e-ea887ca3997f.html
October, 15 2014: In a case described in the FBI press release below, where the charge against Sheppard’s client typically carries a mandatory minimum of 5 years imprisonment, Sheppard’s client received a sentence of a “year and a day,” meaning that the defendant would serve at most 6-9 months in custody. In UNITED STATES V. D.P., U.S. DISTRICT COURT, NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS, Sheppard’s motion for the rarely granted “mitigating role” adjustment was granted and the judge sentenced Sheppard’s client to a “year and a day,” meaning that Sheppard’s client would serve less than nine months in custody on a case where he was charged with possessing with the intent to deliver over 500 grams of cocaine (That charge which typically carries a five year mandatory minimum). Sheppard had argued that the defendant was acting under the control of his older brother and the judge found sufficient evidence to support that proposition. Accordingly, the judge granted Sheppard’s request for a “mitigating role” adjustment and then departed even further from the advisory guideline range based on the defendant’s history and characteristics. See FBI Press Release Below:
10/13/14: Chicago Tribune:QUOTING ADAM SHEPPARD REGARDING HIS DEFENSE OF THE ACCUSED IN DEFENSE OF SEXUAL ASSAULT ALLEGATIONS ARISING OUT OF A UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS FRATERNITY PARTY – A “FOAM” PARTY. Sheppard Law Firm is pleased to report that since this article was published the case was dismissed (the dismissal came following the plaintiff’s deposition).
9/3/14: Chicago Tribune: Quoting Adam Sheppard’s Closing Argument in Trial Where Rabbi Found Not Guilty of All Charges (The charges: Continuing Financial Crimes Enterprise)
SHEPPARD LAW FIRM, P.C. WINS ACQUITTAL FOR RABBI AND HIS TWO SONS IN DEFENSE OF CHARGES OF CONTINUING FINANCIAL CRIMES ENTERPRISE & MISAPPROPRIATION OF CHECKS FROM SYNAGOGUE. (Article from the Jewish Star Periodical also attached).
Adam Sheppard Named To Super Lawyers Rising Star List For Fourth Consecutive Year (2014)
Only 2.5% of the lawyers in the state of Illinois receive such a selection. See link below.
Adam Sheppard Moderates Chicago Bar Association Trial Techniques Seminar Featuring Law School Professors
On December 17, 2013 Adam Sheppard was honored to moderate a trial techniques seminar at the Chicago Bar Association which the Young Lawyers Section of the CBA organized (Adam is an officer of the Young Lawyers Section of the CBA; he serves as member services manager and was the former co-editor-in-chief of the Young Lawyers Journal; he continues to serve on the CBA Record magazine editorial board). The seminar featured two law school professors who spoke on the Illinois Rules of Evidence and the nuts and bolts of a federal criminal case. The seminar had approximately 150 registrants and prominent practitioners were in attendance.
Fox TV News Interviews Adam Sheppard About “Wrongfully Accused” Dogs
Adam Sheppard Moderates Chicago Bar Association “Clarity In Writing” Seminar. (9/26/13)
Adam Sheppard was honored to moderate the “Clarity in Writing Seminar” hosted by the Chicago Bar Association. The seminar featured a presentation by the Honorable James A. Shapiro (ret.). The seminar was part of a “Breakfast Basics” series organized by a committee of distinguished lawyers and a federal judge.
Sheppard Law Firm Defending Alleged Hammer-Wielding Bank Robber As Described In Article Below (The Case Is Pending In Federal District Court)
Sheppard Law Firm Defending Alleged Cocaine Supplier In 14-Defendant Sting Operation. See DOJ Press Release Below (The Case Against Sheppard’s Client Is Pending In Federal District Court):
Sheppard Law Firm Defending Alleged TCF Bank Robber As Described In Article Below (The Case Is Pending In Federal District Court)
Sheppard Law Firm Defending Against Charges Of Theft Of Government Funds, Related Investigation Described In The DOJ Press Release Below
Barry And Adam Sheppard Were Proud To Be Featured In Syd Jerome Magazine
Adam Sheppard’s Article In The Chicago Daily Law Bulletin (April 19, 2013): “What Are Students’ Due Process Rights In School Disciplinary Proceedings?”
Chicago Daily Law Bulletin Article Students’ Due Process Rights
Fox News Notes Adam Sheppard As A Featured Speaker At Cyber-Bullying Seminar
Adam Sheppard was recently a featured speaker at a well-publicized seminar on cyber bullying. Below is a link to the Fox News story:
Adam has defended several harassment through electronic communication cases and litigated and published articles on search and seizures of email and social media content
Rap Song About Sheppards Following Not Guilty of Attempted Murder
In the case of People v. F.C., 2600 S. California, the defendant, an up-and-coming rapper, wrote a rap song as a tribute to Sheppard Law Firm after he was acquitted of Attempt Murder and shooting charges. The song is titled “Free Man.” Here it is: FREE MAN
Adam Sheppard Lectures At John Marshall Law School On Searches And Seizures In The School Setting
On February 23, 2012 Adam Sheppard was honored to be a guest lecturer at John Marshall Law School on the issue of searches and seizures in the school setting. Mr. Sheppard discussed searches of students’ cars, lockers, desks, and cell phones as well as standards governing interrogations of students. Adam has published articles on criminal investigations of students. Please see “published articles” page of this website.
Sheppard Law Firm Defends Alleged Leader Of One Of The Drug Trafficking Organizations Described In The Articles Below